Cammer: the Story that is real of Legendary Ford 427 SOHC V8
Into the 1960s, FordвЂ™s overhead-cam 427 V8, popularly known as the Cammer, became the material of legend and myth. HereвЂ™s the whole story behind the tale.
right right Here in 2014, overhead-cam, multi-valve machines will be the industry standard. Anything less is known as retrograde. But from the United states scene that is automotive of 1960s, pushrod V8s had been the up to date. Into this easier, more innocent world stepped FordвЂ™s 427 CID SOHC V8, which quickly became referred to as Cammer. Even now, a mystique that is powerful the motor. LetвЂ™s dig set for a closer appearance.
The very first mention that is public of Cammer V8 appeared in the Daytona Beach Morning Journal on Feb. 23, 1964.
Beaten up at Daytona all by the new 426 Hemi engines from the Dodge/Plymouth camp, Ford officials asked NASCAR to approve an overhead-cam V8 the company had in the works month. But since the Journal reports right right here, NASCAR boss Bill France turned thumbs straight down on FordвЂ™s proposed motor. France regarded overhead cams and such become exotica that is european a poor fit together with down-home vision for Grand nationwide stock automobile race.
Despite the fact that France barred the SOHC V8 from NASCAR competition, Ford proceeded to anyway develop the engine, looking to improve Big BillвЂ™s brain. In-may of 1964, a вЂ™64 Galaxie hardtop having a Cammer V8 installed was parked behind Gasoline Alley during the Indianapolis engine Speedway, in which the assembled press corps could easily get a look that is good it. HereвЂ™s Ray Brock, publisher of Hot Rod magazine, eyeballing the setup. Note the spark plug location in the bottom side of the valve address about this very very very early version of the SOHC V8.
HereвЂ™s another very early picture of a Cammer with all the spark plug location that is original. Ford designers took great discomforts to create a completely symmetrical hemispherical combustion chamber with an optimized spark plug location, and then realize that the spark plug didnвЂ™t actually care. The plugs had been then relocated at the top of the chamber for simplicity of access. This motor is established for NASCAR usage: Note the cowl induction airbox, the single carburetor, as well as the cast exhaust manifolds.
Inspite of the CammerвЂ™s exotic cachet, in fact the motor ended up being just a two-valve, single-overhead-cam transformation of FordвЂ™s current 427 FE V8, and an instant and inexpensive one at that. In the business, the Cammer had been referred to as вЂњ90 time wonder,вЂќ a low-investment synchronous task towards the costly DOHC Indy motor in line with the Ford small-block V8. The heads were cast iron and the cam drive was a roller chain to save time and money on the conversion. The oiling system ended up being revised also to handle the greater horizontal inertia lots generated by the increased rpm, cross-bolted primary caps had been integrated into the block casting. These features had been then adopted on all 427 CID machines over the board.
This isn’t a SOHC Ford V8 but a 331 CID early Chrysler Hemi, shown right right right here to illustrate an important attraction for the layout that is SOHC Ford designers. By putting the camshafts atop the cylinder heads, the pushrods could possibly be eradicated entirely, allowing larger, straighter intake ports.
One Cammer function that continues to fascinate gearheads today could be the timing chainвЂ”it ended up being almost seven legs very long. Economical and quicker to produce compared to a gear that is proper however almost as effective, the chain introduced lots of dilemmas. For instance, racers within the field quickly discovered that it absolutely was essential to stagger the cam timing four to eight levels between banking institutions to pay for slack when you look at the links.
This closeup illustrates the revised spark plug location and another problem produced by the string drive. The cam rotates toward the intake follower, and away from the follower on the opposite bank since the chain drives both cams in the same direction, on one bank. As a result necessitated an unique camshaft for each bank, one a mirror for the other, so that the opening and closing ramps will be correctly positioned.
HereвЂ™s a glamour shot for the cammer that is complete the Society of Automotive Engineers paper (SAE 650497) presented by Norm Faustyn and Joe Eastman, FordвЂ™s two lead designers on the task. Most of the published technical sources in the Cammer, including an in-depth function in the January 1965 dilemma of Hot Rod Magazine, look like closely on the basis of the SAE paper.
On October 19, 1964, NASCAR relocated to ban all racing that isвЂњspecial,вЂќ in its terms, eliminating both the Cammer Ford plus the Chrysler 426 Hemi from Grand nationwide competition for 1965. Chrysler reacted by temporarily withdrawing from NASCAR, while Ford proceeded on along with its traditional 427 pushrod engine in NASCAR and took the SOHC engine into the drag strips.
Cammers had been very very first utilized in the a small number of factory-backed вЂ™65 Mustangs and вЂ™65 Mercury Comets race when you look at the NHRA Factory Experimental classes and somewhere else. Shown this can be a installation in Dyno Don NicholsonвЂ™s Comet. On the вЂ™65 period, Nicholson tried Weber carbohydrates and Hilborn fuel injection setups, combined with the double Holley four-barrels pictured. On gas, the engine ended up being reported to be great for 600 hp.
Despite hefty lobbying from Ford, in of 1965 NASCAR again banned the Cammer for 1966, with USAC piling on (Spartanburg Herald-Journal, December 18, 1965 above) december. But, in of 1966 NASCAR finally relented april. Type of. Okay, not necessarily. The Cammer ended up being now permitted, theoretically, but just within the full-size Galaxie model, limited by one little carb that is four-barrel along with an ridiculous, crippling fat handicap: almost 4400 pounds, 430 pounds a lot more than the Dodge and Plymouth hemis. At that true point Ford said no many many thanks and devoted the Cammer to drag race. The motor never ever switched a lap in NASCAR competition.